The Ten Traits of Global Fluency

This report, written in conjunction with Brookings Institution in Washington DC, reviewed the histories of 42 cities worldwide to observe the core factors that enable some cities to learn the 'vocabulary' of openness and global exchange.

The report identified several inherited factors – 'assets, characteristics, and relationships a city initially gains by happenstance, as a product and participant of history, geography, culture, and politics.' Lessons from the 42 cities also highlighted that 'Today's successful intentional efforts become part of the [city's] inherited traits.'